Home - RTE03 - RTE5015A
Manage the harvest of agricultural and horticultural crops
|Unit Descriptor||This competency standard covers the process of planning for and implementing the harvest of agricultural and horticultural crops. It includes the estimation of the crop yield and value, the planning for resources that will be required, the negotiation of both insurance and equipment supply contracts, as well as planning for any emergencies that may occur. It requires the need to assess crop quality, and to budget and organise for the resources to arrive at the appropriate time and place. Managing the harvest is likely to be undertaken without supervision, with only general guidance on progress sought from others. This unit requires a detailed practical knowledge of some areas such as crop measurement techniques and parameters, and market information and sources.|
|1 . Determine crop quality||
|2 . Determine crop readiness||
|3 . Assess the need for insurance||
|4 . Plan harvest strategy||
|5 . Plan for OHS hazard management||
|6 . Plan for fire prevention and control||
|7 . Decide on storage and delivery requirements||
|8 . Implement the harvest strategy||
|9 . Segregate crop for quality||
|10 . Monitor moisture content||
|11 . Implement harvest schedule||
|Key Competency||Examples of Application||Performance|
|How can information be collected, analysed and organised?||By discussing and explaining the harvesting operation with the full range of field staff, contractors, bulk handling authority, insurance and stock agents.||3|
|How are ideas and information communicated within this competency?||In evaluating and assessing crop yield, value and resources.||3|
|How are activities planned and organised?||In selecting, scheduling and putting people and equipment to work.||3|
|How are problem solving skills applied?||In working with groups of people to complete specified activities and operations for the harvest.||2|
|How are mathematical ideas and techniques used?||In evaluating and assessing crop yield and quality, and subsequent value.||2|
|How is use of technology applied?||In recognising where amendment is required to the harvesting plan, and in contingency and emergency situations.||3|
|How is team work used within this competency?||In operating any necessary equipment prior to, and during, the harvest - communication technology, calculating equipment and measuring equipment.||2|
What crops may be subject to the yield assessment?
All crops harvested for the business may be assessed for yield. These may be agricultural crops such as wheat and coarse cereals, pulses, legumes, cotton, sugar, oilseeds, pasture seeds, and horticultural crops such as tree crops, vine crops, field crops, fruit and vegetables.
What kind of measurements are taken in the field?
Measurements are primarily objective and may include sampling, transects, past records, and visual assessment.
Which aspects of crop quality will be tested before harvest
Crops may be tested for moisture, protein, colour, size, ripeness, skin defects, sugar content, and size.
How might the order of harvesting be arranged?
Time of maturity, which may be influenced by soil type and crop variety and value, might affect order of harvest.
How is crop value determined?
This is done using current and forward market information.
What might be covered by any insurance taken out?
Crop insurance is likely to cover events such as fire, hail and transport.
What are the OHS hazards during a crop harvesting process?
Hazards that may arise include dust, extreme weather conditions, working in confined and enclosed spaces, working in the vicinity of pesticide residues, working with, and close to vehicles and plant, and applying pre-harvest chemical treatments.
What measures may be taken to prevent and control fires?
As part of the strategies that are put in place, the following issues and equipment might be considered: fire vehicles, portable equipment such as knapsacks and personal protective equipment, fixtures such as dams, tanks, pumps and water mains, communication devices, and constructions such as fire breaks.
There are a variety of ways in which crops can be stored. What might they include?
Storage facilities include portable field bins, boxes and containers, silos (temporary or fixed), horizontal storage, and direct delivery to bulk handling authority.
What resources might be required for haulage?
Equipment and vehicles will be required, and these could include trucks, trailers, tractors, augers, and/or field bins.
What OHS issues might impact on the harvesting operations?
Throughout the planning and operations for harvesting, precautions should be taken for fire prevention and control, dust protection, working in hot weather, working in confined and enclosed spaces, and working in the vicinity of pesticide residues. There are also issues concerning the use of vehicles and of pre-harvest chemical treatments.
What might the evaluation of fire risks and hazards cover?
Fire risk evaluation covers the possible nature of fires started on the property, equipment suitable to manage these fires, potential losses, capital available to purchase and maintain equipment, and range of possible fires that could enter the property.
What specific knowledge is needed to achieve the performance criteria?
Knowledge and understanding are essential to apply this standard in the workplace, to transfer the skills to other contexts, and to deal with unplanned events. The knowledge requirements for this competency standard are listed below:
capability and use of harvesting equipment
crop measurement techniques and parameters
market information and sources
location and relative skills and abilities of available contractors
contracting requirements for crop insurance
management of the moisture content of crops, including drying and aeration
storage options and local storage availability
bushfire prevention and control legislation
bushfire prevention and control strategies and equipment
contact details for local fire services
weather conditions which may affect the harvest
relevant legislation and regulations relating to OHS, contractor engagement, chemical use and application, and vehicle and plant use
environmental controls and codes of practice applicable to the business and to the harvesting operations
sound management practices and processes to minimise noise, odours, and debris from the harvesting operations.
What specific skills are needed to achieve the performance criteria?
To achieve the performance criteria, some complementary skills are required. These skills are the ability to:
plan and implement harvesting operations, including amendment of these during the operation itself
organise and schedule the maintenance of plant and equipment
establish processes/strategies, procedures and controls for crop harvesting
prepare written plans and procedures for implementation by others
interpret, analyse and extract information from a range of sources and discussions
assess potential yields
negotiate and arrange contracts and agreements
explain, and deliver instructions about the plans and scheduling of the harvest operations to both staff and contractors, as well as suppliers, customers, and neighbours
observe, identify and react appropriately to environmental implications and OHS hazards.
Are there other competency standards that could be assessed with this one?
This competency standard could be assessed on its own or in combination with other competencies relevant to the job function.
Essential Assessment Information
There is essential information about assessing this competency standard for consistent performance and where and how it may be assessed, in the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package. All users of these competency standards must have access to the Assessment Guidelines. Further advice may also be sought from the relevant sector booklet.