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Prepare a grave site
|Unit Descriptor||This competency standard covers the process of preparing a gravesite. This includes assisting with the excavation of the grave, backfilling the grave and enhancing the gravesite following burial. Preparing a gravesite is likely to be done in association with a fellow worker or work team, under routine supervision and with intermittent checking. An individual involved in excavation work at this level would not be required to operate earth-moving machinery.Competency is demonstrated by the application of knowledge and skills to a range of grave preparation tasks and roles usually within established enterprise policy.|
|1 . Prepare site for excavation||
|2 . Assist with the excavation||
|3 . Backfill and enhance the gravesite following burial||
|Key Competency||Examples of Application||Performance|
|How can information be collected, analysed and organised?||Information about the gravesite to be prepared and excavated may need to be discussed with the supervisor or others in the work team.||1|
|How are ideas and information communicated within this competency?||Information regarding the enhancement of a gravesite after burial may need to be collected, analysed and organised.||1|
|How are activities planned and organised?||Tools, equipment, machinery and work procedures for preparing a gravesite may need to be arranged before and after burial and there may be some responsibility for co-ordinating work with others.||1|
|How are problem solving skills applied?||The preparation of a gravesite may involve working with other members of a team to complete the project.||1|
|How are mathematical ideas and techniques used?||Mathematical ideas and techniques may be used when measuring dimensions and depth of grave to be excavated and also when following correct procedures for shoring of the grave.||1|
|How is use of technology applied?||Problems may arise in the excavation or backfilling of a grave relating to soil, water and weather conditions. These problems may need to be addressed quickly.||1|
|How is team work used within this competency?||Calculators may be used to determine calculations for the excavation works.||1|
What OHS hazards may be associated with gravesite preparation?
OHS hazards may include problems associated with working in confined spaces, e.g., changes in atmospheric pressure, atmospheric contaminants, unsafe oxygen levels and engulfment, solar radiation, uneven surfaces and large obstacles.
What personal protective clothing and equipment are likely to be used when preparing a gravesite?
Personal protective clothing and equipment may include breathing apparatus appropriate for working in confined spaces, boots, gloves, overalls, sun hat, sunscreen lotion, protective headgear and waterproof clothing.
What tools, equipment and machinery may be required when preparing a gravesite?
Tools, equipment and machinery may include spades, shovels, rakes, crowbars, augers, wheelbarrows, earth moving machinery, a sludge pump and compacters.
What are the OHS requirements to be observed with regard to access and egress from the excavated grave?
OHS requirements may include observance of the Approved Code of Practice AS 2885 Safe Work in Confined Spaces, relevant Local Government Acts, General Cemetery Regulations, enterprise policies and the use of an approved ladder - a ladder that complies with the requirements of Australian Standard AS 1892 and extends from the base of the excavation to at least 600mm above the top of the grave.
What protective restraints may apply to this standard?
Protective restraints may include barricades, temporary fencing and reinforced covers.
What is likely to be done to enhance a gravesite?
Enhancing a gravesite may include placement of monuments, headstones or masonry, planting of flowers or other vegetation, erection of fencing, laying of gravel/pebbles or the installation of other decorative features.
What specific knowledge is needed to achieve the performance criteria?
Knowledge and understanding are essential to apply this standard in the workplace, to transfer the skills to other contexts, and to deal with unplanned events. The knowledge requirements for this competency standard are listed below:
OHS responsibilities of employees
applied understanding of safe work practices when working in and around confined spaces
the environmental impact of soil disturbance when excavating a grave
the environmental implications of pumping sludge water from an excavation site and the effects it may have on surrounding gravesites.
What specific skills are needed to achieve the performance criteria?
To achieve the performance criteria, appropriate literacy and numeracy levels as well as some complementary skills are required. These include the ability to:
prepare site for excavation
assist with the excavation
shore up sides of grave as required
backfill and enhance the gravesite following burial.