Home - CHC02 - CHCOHS301A
Participate in workplace safety procedures
|Unit Descriptor||On completion of this unit, the worker will be able to identify occupational health and safety hazards, and assess risk, as well as follow instructions and procedures in the workplace with minimal supervision. The worker will also be capable of participating and contributing to OHS management issues.|
|1 . Identify hazards and assess risk.||
|2 . Follow procedures and strategies for risk control.||
|3 . Contribute to OHS in the workplace.||
|Key Competency||Examples of Application||Performance|
|How can information be collected, analysed and organised?|
|How are ideas and information communicated within this competency?|
|How are activities planned and organised?|
|How are problem solving skills applied?|
|How are mathematical ideas and techniques used?|
|How is use of technology applied?|
|How is team work used within this competency?|
The legislative requirements for OHS consultation and participation vary in different states and the requirements of the particular state should be reflected in the training and assessment processes
Relevant organisational procedures for managing risks include:
Hazard management policies and procedures (these may be integrated with quality, care or other documents or be separated as OHS policies and procedures). Hazard management documents include policies and procedures on specific hazards as well as hazard and incident reporting and investigation, workplace inspections, maintenance etc
Communication, consultation and issue resolution procedures
Human resources management procedures such as grievance procedures, induction programs, team meetings, management of performance levels
Job procedures and work instructions
Post incident/injury management such as first aid, critical incident debriefing, compensation and return to work
Other related procedures including waste management, security
Work instructions may be:
In a community language
Provided visually eg. video, OHS signs, symbols and other pictorial presentation, etc.
Designated personnel for OHS referrals may be:
Elected OHS representative/employee representative
Chairperson OHS committee
Other personnel with OHS responsibilities
Examples of OHS issues which may need to be raised by workers with designated personnel may include:
Problems encountered in managing risks associated with hazards
Clarification on understanding of OHS policies and procedures
Communication and consultation processes
Follow up on reports and feedback.
Effectiveness of risk controls in place
Examples of contributions may include:
Recommendations on changes to work processes, equipment or practices
Listening to the ideas and opinions of others in the team
Sharing opinions, views, knowledge and skills
Identifying and reporting risks and hazards
Using equipment according to guidelines and operating manuals
Behaviour that contributes to a safe working environment which includes following OHS procedures
Examples of participative arrangements may include:
Regular information sessions (using clear and understandable language) on existing or new OHS issues
Formal and informal OHS meetings
Meetings called by OHS representatives
Health and safety committees
Other committees such as consultative planning and purchasing
Other means and processes for raising requests and concerns as well as contributing suggestions and reports to management
Documented issue resolution processes
Easy access to relevant written workplace information
Controlling risks in the work area may include:
Application of the hierarchy of control, namely:
Eliminate the risk
Reduce/minimise the risk through
Personal protective equipment
Reports identifying workplace hazards may be verbal or written and may include:
Face to face
Specially designed report forms
Definition of risk includes:
Likelihood of occurrence and severity. Workers need to have basic concept of likelihood of occurrence and consequences (severity) of injury only. They are not required to use risk assessment tools.
Critical aspects of assessment must include:
Ability to work safely, and follow the organisation's OHS policies and procedures
Ability to identify, report and manage (within the limits of their control) hazards and other OHS issues
Ability to participate on consultative processes
Method of assessment may include:
Observation of performance
Interviewing and questioning
Formal appraisal systems
Supporting statement of supervisor(s)
Authenticated evidence of relevant work experience and/or formal/informal prior learning
Case studies and scenarios as a basis for discussion of issues and strategies to contribute to best practice in the work environment.
Concurrent assessment and relationship with other units:
It is expected that this competency may be applicable in combination with other industry, occupation or workplace-specific competencies. This unit will be assessed in the workplace in as holistic a manner as is practicable and may be integrated with the assessment of other relevant units of competency eg teamwork and communication units.
Essential Knowledge required includes:
Knowledge and understanding is required of the workplace OHS system sufficient to recognise situations affecting OHS and to take the appropriate action to rectify the situation. This includes general awareness of hazards that occur in the relevant sector - refer to Definition of hazard, Examples of workplace hazards and Most likely hazards by sectors under the Range Statement in Unit CHCOHS201A Follow OHS procedures, for additional information.
Knowledge of the rights and responsibilities of employees and employers under the relevant state OHS legislation including the right of employees to refuse to work that has a risk of harm or immediate serious injury
Workers must exercise their duty of care within the respective scope of responsibilities in accordance with general OHS acts and regulations as well as respective state and national standards.
Workers do not need to be able to use specific risk assessment tools. They shall however understand basic concepts of likelihood of occurrence and consequences (severity) of injury.
Competence includes the ability to:
Apply and describe procedures for:
Recognising hazards in the workplace
Reporting hazards identified using documented organisational processes
Understand the meaning of OHS signs and symbols relevant to the work area
Communicate OHS issues to designated personnel
Locate and follow OHS procedures
Use standard equipment
Essential Skills required include:
Competence must be demonstrated:
In recognising potential situations that require action and then
In implementing appropriate corrective action as much as possible to eliminate risk.
Consistent performance should be demonstrated. In particular look for evidence of:
Awareness of all relevant workplace procedures including:
Hazard management policies and procedures
Job procedures and work instruction
Procedures for the use of personal protective clothing, equipment and/or duress alarms.
Emergency, fire and incident procedures
Recognition and reporting of workplace hazards
Implementation of work processes and practices to prevent or minimise risk
Application of safe work practices
Correct use of equipment according to organisational instructions
Awareness that OHS issues are regulated by State/Territory acts, regulations, codes of practice and industry standards
These aspects may be best assessed using a range of scenarios/case studies/what ifs as the stimulus with a walk through forming part of the response. These assessment activities should include a range of routine problems that may have been generated from the past incident history of the workplace and hazardous incidents at similar workplaces within the sector and/or industry.
Reading and writing skills - appropriate literacy competence is required to fulfil job roles in a safe manner and as specified by organisation/service.
The level of skill may range from understanding symbols in OHS signs, to reading workplace safety pamphlets or procedure manuals, to reading labels and handling hazardous materials.
Literacy support available in the workplace may range from having access to support or assistance from expert/mentor/supervisor, to having no communication supports available.
Literacy may be required in English, a community language, or Braille, etc, depending on the language used in pamphlets or workplace manual.
Communication skills - language competence required to fulfil job roles in a safe manner and as specified by the organisation/service. Assessors should look for skills in asking questions, providing clear information, listening to and understanding workplace instructions, and clarifying workplace instructions when necessary. Service/organisation may require competence in English or community language, depending on client group.
Ability to relate to people from a range of social;, cultural and ethnic backgrounds and physical and mental abilities
Assessment will require access to:
Workplace health and safety policies and procedures
Other related policies and procedures
Duties statements and/or job descriptions
OHS signs and symbols, etc
Over an extended period of time, or a suitable method of gathering evidence of knowledge and understanding over a range of situations. A bank of scenarios/case studies/what ifs will be required as well as a bank of questions which will be used to check the reasoning behind the observable actions.
Within the limits of employee, client and public safety, considerations must be given to workers whose literacy skills are limited and/or who are physically and/or intellectually disabled in certain sectors of the industry.
Context of assessment:
This unit is most appropriately assessed in the workplace or in a simulated workplace and under the normal range of workplace conditions. This may include the use of languages other than English and alternative communication systems. Assessment may be conducted on more than one occasion to cover a variety of situations.
Simulation to allow for timely assessment of parts of this competency may be required. Simulation should be based on the actual work setting and will include 'walk throughs' of the relevant competency components. Simulations may also include the use of case studies, scenarios and role plays.
This unit of competency requires a body of knowledge which will be assessed through questioning and the use of 'what if' scenarios both on site (during demonstration of normal procedures and walk throughs of abnormal ones) and off site (eg in transit, home visits, telephone counselling, etc). Assessment will occur over a range of situations that may include disruptions to normal smooth operations. A diversity of assessment tasks is essential for holistic assessment.