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Implement livestock husbandry practices
|Unit Descriptor||This competency standard covers the functions involved in performing livestock husbandry in an agricultural environment. It requires the application of skills and knowledge to administer preventative health treatments appropriate to assessed livestock needs, monitor and evaluate livestock post-treatment, and maintain records accordingly. Competency requires an awareness of enterprise and legislative requirements with regard to animal welfare, workplace safety and positive environmental practices. The work requires some judgement and discretion, and would be carried out under minimal supervision within enterprise guidelines.|
|1 . Prepare for treatment of livestock||
|2 . Treat livestock||
|3 . Complete treatment process||
|4 . Monitor effectiveness of treatment||
|Key Competency||Examples of Application||Performance|
|How can information be collected, analysed and organised?||Information and ideas with regard to treatment and equipment application methods, and identification of any complications or abnormalities in livestock may be discussed with the supervisor and work team.||1|
|How are ideas and information communicated within this competency?||Information with regard to applied treatments and effectiveness may be observed and monitored for analysis, and organised by records and reports.||1|
|How are activities planned and organised?||Activities involving mustering and moving livestock may be planned and co-ordinated around treatment schedules, or sequenced as required.||2|
|How are problem solving skills applied?||Team work may be applied in mustering, moving and yarding livestock to treatment site, and during the treatment process.||1|
|How are mathematical ideas and techniques used?||Mathematics may be applied in the calculation and measurement of treatment dosage and dosage/treatment frequency.||2|
|How is use of technology applied?||Contingencies for adverse weather conditions may be planned and prepared to minimise disruption to treatment schedules, and alternative plans may be needed if complications occur when moving, yarding or treating livestock.||2|
|How is team work used within this competency?||To communicate, record and calculate information with regard to the administering of preventative health treatments.||1|
What equipment and materials may be used for treating livestock?
These may include, crushes, mulesing shears, foot clipping secateurs, hand shears, machine shearing handpieces, livestock cradles, foot baths, dehorning equipment, livestock handling equipment, drench guns, vaccinating guns, dips, jetting plant, jetting guns, syringe and scales.
What livestock are covered by this standard?
Beef cattle, sheep and goats.
What may be included in a work plan?
A work plan may include tasks (including type and application of treatments), equipment, resources and materials for use, equipment checks and maintenance procedures, supervisors instructions, timeframes for work completion, and reporting requirements.
What enterprise requirements may apply to this standard?
Standard operating procedures, industry standards, production schedules, Material Safety Data Sheets, work notes, product labels, manufacturers specifications, operators manuals, enterprise policies and procedures (including waste disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines), OHS procedures, supervisors oral or written instructions, work and routine maintenance plans, may be included in enterprise requirements.
What preventative health treatments may apply to this standard?
Preventative health treatments may include, pizzle dropping, foot paring, clipping/grinding teeth, trimming horns, administering trace elements, giving injections, applying disinfectants, checking eyes and removing grass seeds, shearing dead livestock, collecting faecal samples, dipping, jetting, treating fly strike, caustic treatment of horn buds, mulesing/marking, administering hormonal treatments/agents, inspecting testicles, checking vulvas, checking ears, checking teeth, checking udders, drenching, weaning young, removing horns, and castration.
What OHS requirements may be applicable to this standard?
These may include identifying hazards and assessing and reporting risks, and implementing safe systems and procedures for:
handling of livestock aimed to prevent injury and illness including zoonoses control (Q Fever)
manual handling, application and storage of hazardous substances (drenches, vaccines)
outdoor work including protection from solar radiation, and dust
appropriate use of personal protective clothing and equipment.
What potential and existing OHS hazards may be encountered in the workplace?
Workplace hazards may include moving and handling livestock and machinery, solar radiation, dust, and other hazardous substances (i.e., veterinary chemicals).
How might the safe mustering of livestock be achieved?
This may include the application of controlled and calming techniques (including the restraint of working dogs) to minimise stress to livestock and prevent risks to young livestock of smothering.
How might livestock be controlled?
For example, safely caught and restrained (with or without use of animal handling equipment).
What health conditions may livestock be inspected for?
Lesions, abscesses, parasites, cancers, abnormal growths, lice/ticks, and footrot.
How might livestock be identified for treatment?
Eartags, earmarks, raddle, sprays, silicon chips, tattoos, collar tags, and leg bands.
What environmental implications may be associated with livestock husbandry practices?
Negative environmental impacts may result from the unsafe use and disposal of veterinarian chemicals (dipping, jetting, internal and external parasite control), and any consequent residual chemicals. Impacts may also result from high concentrations of livestock on ground cover causing run-off flows, loss of ground cover, soil disturbance, pugging, dust problems, weed seeds in animal manure, contamination of ground and surface water supplies, and odours.
What considerations may be involved in preparing and moving livestock?
This may include giving livestock time to settle post-treatment, conducting the move in a controlled and quiet manner to correct paddock, and ensure the closure of gates.
What livestock residues may be disposed of?
Residues may include skin, testes, teeth and horn clippings, and carcasses, and may be disposed of by burning, burying, or removal to safe site.
What specific knowledge is needed to achieve the performance criteria?
Knowledge and understanding are essential to apply this standard in the workplace, to transfer the skills to other contexts, and to deal with unplanned events. The knowledge requirements for this competency standard are listed below:
equipment and materials for treating livestock, their components and functions
livestock health treatments, procedures and methods
livestock identification methods
mustering and moving techniques
livestock husbandry practices
livestock behaviour and basic health and nutritional requirements
environmental impacts and minimisation measures associated with livestock production, and the use and disposal of hazardous substances
hazards associated with handling livestock and veterinarian medicines and chemicals
personal protective clothing and equipment and when and how it should be used
relevant State/Territory legislation, regulations and codes of practice with regard to workplace OHS, animal welfare, and the use and control of hazardous substances
procedures for cleaning and maintaining treatment equipment and materials
enterprise policies with regard to treating livestock, recording and reporting routines.
What specific skills are needed to achieve the performance criteria?
To achieve the performance criteria, some complementary skills are required. These skills include the ability to:
select and utilise equipment and materials appropriate for treating requirements and match to work tasks
administer preventative health treatments in accordance with work plan
prepare treatment site, facilities and equipment to industry standards
monitor livestock behaviour and recognise abnormalities
muster, move and control livestock
demonstrate safe and environmentally responsible workplace practices
monitor and minimise impacts to the environment associated with livestock production, and the use and disposal of hazardous substances
apply contingency measures for administering treatments in the event of adverse weather conditions
carry out animal husbandry procedures
provide due care and handle livestock humanely
clean and maintain treatment equipment, site and facilities to industry standards
read and interpret manufacturers specifications, work and maintenance plans, and Material Safety Data Sheets
communicate abnormalities, equipment faults and workplace hazards, report and maintain treatment records
assess and calculate herd/flock numbers, measure dosage and quantities.
Are there other competency standards that could be assessed with this one?
This competency standard could be assessed on its own or in combination with other competencies relevant to the job function.
Essential Assessment Information
There is essential information about assessing this competency standard for consistent performance and where and how it may be assessed, in the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package. All users of these competency standards must have access to the Assessment Guidelines. Further advice may also be sought from the relevant sector booklet.